gadolinium

Gadolinium is a chemical element that has the symbol Gd and atomic number 64.

Gadolinium is a silvery-white, malleable and ductile rare-earth metal with a metallic lustre. It crystallizes in hexagonal, close-packed alpha form at room temperature, but, when heated to 1508 K or more, it transforms into its beta form, which has a body-centered cubic structure.

Unlike other rare earth elements, gadolinium is relatively stable in dry air. However, it tarnishes quickly in moist air, forming a loosely-adhering oxide which spalls off, exposing more surface to oxidation. Gadolinium reacts slowly with water, and is soluble in dilute acids.

Gadolinium-157 has the highest thermal neutron capture cross-section of any known nuclide with the exception of xenon-135, 49,000 barns, but it also has a fast burn-out rate, limiting its usefulness as a nuclear control rod material.[2]

Gadolinium is strongly paramagnetic at room temperature, and exhibits ferromagnetic properties below room temperature.

Gadolinium demonstrates a magnetocaloric effect whereby its temperature increases when it enters a magnetic field and decreases when it leaves the magnetic field. The effect is considerably stronger for the gadolinium alloy Gd5(Si2Ge2) .

Source: Wikipedia



The term "gadolinium" was found in the following pages:

Material database: IRMM - Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements - BCR-668 - Mussel tissue
Link database: Chemical Fact Sheet: Europium
Link database: RSC Periodic Table: Gadolinium
The retention of gadolinium in the human body following the use of gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents: a call to action for analytical chemists | EVISA's News
Link database: Austria: University of Vienna: Institute of Inorganic Chemistry: Working group of B. Keppler
Tracing Gadolinium-based Contrast Agents from Wastewater, via Surface Water to Drinking Water | EVISA's News
Identification and quantification of potential metabolites of Gd-based contrast agents | EVISA's News
EMA Issues Final Opinion Limiting Gadolinium Contrast Agents in Body Scans | EVISA's News
Material database: United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) - Gadodiamide Related Compound A
Gadolinium speciation analysis in search for the cause of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) | EVISA's News
Directory of scientists: Lena Telgmann
Link database: Gadolinium Toxicity
Material database: National Analysis Center for Iron & Steel (NACIS) - NCS ZC73013 - Trace Elements in Spinach
Brief summary: Speciation analysis for the study of metallo-drugs and their biomolecular interactions | EVISA's News
Material database: National Analysis Center for Iron & Steel (NACIS) - NCS ZC73014 - Trace Elements in Tea
Scientific publications with participation of EVISA | EVISA's News
FDA panel calls for warning labels on gadolinium-based contrast agents for MRI | EVISA's News
The behavior of Gd-based contrast agents during wastewater treatment | EVISA's News
„Forever young“ oder wirklich jung? - Metallomics im Fokus der Biochemie | EVISA's News
Speciation analysis by LC-ICP-MS finds new application area in clinical chemistry: Ceruloplasmin | EVISA's News