phosphorus

Phosphorus is one of the key elements necessary for growth of plants and animals. Phosphates (PO4---) are formed from this element. Phosphates exist in three forms: orthophosphate, metaphosphate (or polyphosphate) and organically bound phosphate. Each compound contains phosphorous in a different chemical formula. Ortho forms are produced by natural processes and are found in sewage. Poly forms are used for treating boiler waters and in detergents. In water, they change into the ortho form. Organic phosphates are important in nature. Their occurrence may result from the breakdown of organic pesticides, which contain phosphates. They may exist in solution, as particles, loose fragments or in the bodies of aquatic organisms. Rainfall can cause varying amounts of phosphates to wash from farm soils into nearby waterways. Phosphate will stimulate the growth of plankton and aquatic plants which provide food for fish. This may cause an increase in the fish population and improve the overall water quality. However, if an excess of phosphate enters the waterway, algae and aquatic plants will grow wildly, choke up the waterway and use up large amounts of oxygen. This condition is known as eutrophication or over-fertilization of receiving waters. This rapid growth of aquatic vegetation eventually dies and as it decays it uses up oxygen. This process in turn causes the death of aquatic life because of the further reduction of dissolved oxygen levels.



The term "phosphorus" was found in the following pages:

Material database: Sigma-Aldrich - Matrix CRM - Soil, Sludge, Sediment: Trace Elements on Fresh Water Sediment
Instrument database: Analytik Jena AG - contrAA 700 - High-Resolution Continuum Source Atomic Absorption Spectrometer for Flame, Hydride and
Link database: Linus Pauling Institute: Micronutrient Information Center: Phosphorus
Link database: Calcium in Food
Instrument database: Techcomp (Holdings) Ltd. - GC7890II
Instrument database: Thermo Scientific - ELEMENT-2
Material database: Sigma-Aldrich - Matrix CRM - Soil, Sludge, Sediment: Trace Elements on Fresh Water Sediment
ICP-MS: A versatile detection system for speciation analysis | EVISA's News
Certified reference materials for leaching procedures | EVISA's News
Material database: Sigma-Aldrich - Matrix CRM - Soil, Sludge, Sediment: Trace Metals - Wet Sewage Sludge
Instrument database: Agilent Technologies Inc. - GC-ICP-MS Interface
Arsenic speciation in different parts of the rice plant | EVISA's News
Company database: Varsal Inc.
Directory of scientists: William R. Cullen
Council Decision 75/437/EEC on Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources | EVISA's News
Link database: Chemical Fact Sheet: Silicon
Application of Mass Spectrometry to Speciation Analysis in the Life Sciences | EVISA's Agenda of Events
Instrument database: Analytik Jena GmbH - contrAA 700 - High-Resolution Continuum Source Atomic Absorption Spectrometer
Journals database: Bone
Instrument database: Agilent Technologies Inc. - 8900 Triple Quadrupole ICP-MS