phosphorus

Phosphorus is one of the key elements necessary for growth of plants and animals. Phosphates (PO4---) are formed from this element. Phosphates exist in three forms: orthophosphate, metaphosphate (or polyphosphate) and organically bound phosphate. Each compound contains phosphorous in a different chemical formula. Ortho forms are produced by natural processes and are found in sewage. Poly forms are used for treating boiler waters and in detergents. In water, they change into the ortho form. Organic phosphates are important in nature. Their occurrence may result from the breakdown of organic pesticides, which contain phosphates. They may exist in solution, as particles, loose fragments or in the bodies of aquatic organisms. Rainfall can cause varying amounts of phosphates to wash from farm soils into nearby waterways. Phosphate will stimulate the growth of plankton and aquatic plants which provide food for fish. This may cause an increase in the fish population and improve the overall water quality. However, if an excess of phosphate enters the waterway, algae and aquatic plants will grow wildly, choke up the waterway and use up large amounts of oxygen. This condition is known as eutrophication or over-fertilization of receiving waters. This rapid growth of aquatic vegetation eventually dies and as it decays it uses up oxygen. This process in turn causes the death of aquatic life because of the further reduction of dissolved oxygen levels.



The term "phosphorus" was found in the following pages:

Agilent Technologies' Acquisition of Varian, Inc. Cleared by European Commission | EVISA's News
Link database: Chemical Fact Sheet: Lanthanum
Instrument database: Thermo Scientific - Trace GC Ultra
Instrument database: Bran+Luebbe GmbH - AutoAnalyzer 3
Instrument database: Agilent Technologies Inc. - GC-ICP-MS Interface
Agilent Technologies Introduces Breakthrough ICP-MS and MP-AES Platforms | EVISA's News
EU agrees on maximum cadmium level in fertilisers | EVISA's News
Arsenic species in rice: Origin, uptake and geographical variation | EVISA's News
Material database: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) - SRM 2910b - Hydroxyapatite
Material database: IRMM - Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements - BCR-033 - Superphosphate
Instrument database: Analytik Jena GmbH - contrAA 700 - High-Resolution Continuum Source Atomic Absorption Spectrometer
Directory of scientists: William R. Cullen
Link database: Chemical Fact Sheet: Phosphorus
Arsenic, an element of archaic life ? | EVISA's News
Material database: Sigma-Aldrich - Matrix CRM - Soil, Sludge, Sediment: Trace Elements on Fresh Water Sediment
Directory of scientists: Peter Uden
LC-ICP-MS: The most often used hyphenated system for speciation analysis | EVISA's News
Agilent is introducing the second generation of Triple Quadrupole ICP-MS system: The 8900 | EVISA's News
ICP-MS: A versatile detection system for speciation analysis | EVISA's News
Instrument database: Oxford Instruments - ARC-MET8000