Cisplatin, Carboplatin, and Oxaliplatin Interactions With Plasma Proteins
This study is currently recruiting patients.
Verified by Alberta Cancer Board February 2006
|Sponsored by:||Alberta Cancer Board|
|Information provided by:||Alberta Cancer Board|
Cisplatin is a widely used anti-tumor agent for the treatment of testicular and ovarian cancers. Carboplatin is used extensively for small cell, non small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer. Oxaliplatin has recently been approved in the United States (US) for treatment of colorectal cancer. A large portion (in the range of 65% to 98%) of cisplatin in the blood plasma was bound to protein within a day after intravenous administration. The binding of cisplatin and other analogues to proteins and enzymes is generally believed to be the cause of several severe side effects such as ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The interactions between platinum based chemotherapy drugs and proteins is proposed to play important roles in both drug activity and toxicity. Therefore, a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of platinum-protein interactions may have an impact on optimization of strategies for treatment. The objective is to develop novel approaches and techniques to provide detailed mechanistic, kinetic and high-resolution structural information on the binding of platinum analogues to blood proteins, and to improve treatment efficacy and reduce side effects.